Protocols

Protocols

HYPERKALAEMIA

Hyperkalemia is the medical term that describes a potassium level in your blood that's higher than normal. Potassium is a chemical that is critical to the function of nerve and muscle cells, including those in your heart. Your blood potassium level is normally 3.6 to 5.2 millimoles per liter (mmol/L).

HYPEROSMOLAR, HYPERGLYCAEMIC, NON-KETOTIC STATE (HHNS)

Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state. Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state (HHS) is a complication of diabetes mellitus in which high blood sugar results in high osmolarity without significant ketoacidosis. Symptoms include signs of dehydration, weakness, legs cramps, trouble seeing, and an altered level of consciousness.

HYPOCALCAEMIA

Hypocalcaemia, also spelled hypocalcemia, is low calcium levels in the blood serum. The normal range is 2.1–2.6 mmol/l (8.8–10.7 mg/dl, 4.3–5.2 mEq/l) with levels less than 2.1 mmol/l defined as hypocalcemia

HYPOGLYCAEMIA

Hypoglycemia occurs when blood glucose levels fall below 4 mmol/L (72mg/dL). ... Hypoglycemia occurs when the level of glucose present in the blood falls below a set point.

HYPOTHERMIA

Hypothermia is a medical emergency that occurs when your body loses heat faster than it can produce heat, causing a dangerously low body temperature. Normal body temperature is around 98.6 F (37 C). Hypothermia (hi-poe-THUR-me-uh) occurs as your body temperature falls below 95 F (35 C).

MALIGNANT HYPERTHERMIA

Search Results Image result for MALIGNANT HYPERTHERMIA Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a disease that causes a fast rise in body temperature and severe muscle contractions when someone with the MH gets general anesthesia. Malignant Hyperethemia is passed down through families. Hyperthermia means high body

MENINGITIS

Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes (meninges) surrounding your brain and spinal cord. The swelling from meningitis typically triggers symptoms such as headache, fever and a stiff neck

MENINGOCOCCAL DISEASE

Meningococcal disease describes infections caused by the bacterium Neisseria meningitidis (also termed meningococcus). It carries a high mortality rate if untreated but is a vaccine-preventable disease.

MISCARRIAGE

Miscarriage is a term used for a pregnancy that ends on its own, within the first 20 weeks of gestation.

PARACETAMOL POISONING

Paracetamol poisoning, also known as acetaminophen poisoning, is caused by excessive use of the medication paracetamol (acetaminophen). Most people have few or non-specific symptoms in the first 24 hours following overdose. This may include feeling tired, abdominal pain, or nausea.

POISONING & OVERDOSE – GENERAL PRINCIPLES

The general principles of management of drug poisoning are summarized.

REDBACK SPIDER BITES

The bite of the Redback Spider is highly venomous. It is characterised by intense localised pain around the bite site