Protocols

Protocols

EPISTAXIS

Epistaxis also called acute hemorrhage or nose bleed is a medical condition in which bleeding occurs from the nasal cavity of the nostril. Nose bleed can occur due to a trauma to the nose, due to accident, or injury to the interior of the nose from pricking.

FEBRILE CHILDREN

The mainstay of diagnosis is physical examination by a physician who is experienced in the care of children and adolescents.

FEBRILE CONVULSIONS

Febrile seizures are convulsions that can happen during a fever (febrile means "feverish"). They affect kids 3 months to 6 years old, and are most common in toddlers 12–18 months old. The seizures usually last for a few minutes and are accompanied by a fever above 100.4°F (38°C).

FEBRILE NEUTROPENIC OR CONCOLOGY PATIENTS

Antifungal agents can be withheld in a specific subset of high-risk febrile neutropenic patients. These patients include those who remain febrile after 4-7 days of broad-spectrum antibiotics but are clinically stable and without clinical or radiographic signs of fungal infection.

FITTING

Symptoms that suggest a seizure include loss of consciousness, muscle spasms that shake the body, loss of bladder control, sudden confusion, and inability to pay attention

FOREIGN BODIES IN ENT & GIT

Patients with foreign bodies (FB)in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract commonly present to the emergency department (ED).

GASTROENTERITIS IN CHILDREN

Gastroenteritis (gastro) is a bowel infection, usually caused by a virus. It causes runny, watery stool and sometimes vomiting.

HAEMATEMASIS & MALENA

Haematemesis is the vomiting of blood, either bright or altered blood (so-called 'coffee grounds' vomitus), due to the action of acid on the blood.

HAND INJURIES

Hand injuries are common and can invlove a variety of structures such as the skin, tendons, nerves, blood vessels, bones and joints.

HEAD INJURIES

A head injury is an injury to the brain, skull, or scalp. It can be hard to assess the severity of the injury just by looking.

HUMAN & ANIMAL BITES

Human and animal bites are relatively common and can result in minor injuries such as puncture wounds, scrapes, cuts or bruising.

HYPERCALCAEMIA

Hypercalcaemia is the most frequently encountered endocrine/electrolyte disorder in malignancy-associated hospitalised patients